2008年8月20日 星期三

論文英文常見的文法錯誤

(1) *** transform, *** equation, *** method, *** algorithm 在論文當中,當成是可數名詞,而非專有名詞。
可數名詞單數時,前面要要冠詞 (a 或 the)
Fourier transform is important for signal processing. (錯誤)
The Fourier transform is important for signal processing. (正確)
A Fourier transform is important for signal processing. (正確)
Fourier transforms are important for signal processing. (正確)
I have written the Matlab program of Parks-McClellan’s algorithm (錯誤)
I have written the Matlab program of the Parks-McClellan’s algorithm (正確)

(2) 論文視同正式的文件,對 not, is, are 不用縮寫
they’re (錯誤) they are (正確)
he’s (錯誤) he is (正確)
aren’t (錯誤) are not (正確)
don’t (錯誤) do not (正確)

(3) Suppose, assume 後面要加關係代名詞
Suppose x is a large number. (錯誤)
Suppose that x is a large number. (正確)

(4) 每一個子句都有一個動詞,而且只有一個動詞

(5) In this paper, in this section, in this chapter 開頭的句子,應該用現在式,而非未來式
In this paper, we will introduce the fast algorithm of DCT. (錯誤)
In this paper, we introduce the fast algorithm of the DCT. (正確)

(6) 在 conclusion 當中回顧文章一內容,用過去式

(7) time domain, frequency domain 前面也加冠詞
in time domain (錯誤) in the time domain (正確)

(8) 不以 “this paper”, “section *”, “Ref. [*]” 當主詞用
This paper describes several concepts. (錯誤)
In this paper, we describe several concepts. (正確)
Ref. [1] proposed the method. (錯誤)
In Ref. [1], Parks and McClellan proposed the method. (正確)

(9) 提及某個 equation 時,直接括號加數字即可
  in equation (3) (錯誤) in (3) (正確)
 提及某個 section, table, or figure 時,前面不加冠詞,而且常用大寫
in the section 4 (錯誤) in Section 4 (正確)
in the table 5 (錯誤) in Table 4 (正確)

(10) 寫論文不是寫文學作品,不要用高明、漂亮、但沒有保握的文法。儘量用簡單而有把握的文法。

(11) 當不確定哪一種文法用法是正確的時候………………………….可以用 Google 來看看,哪一種用法的使用率較高 (加 “ ”)使用率較高的,通常是正確的用法

(12) 投稿至國際學術期刊時,可以用網路上的論文編修服務,來修改文法上的錯誤
李國鼎科技發展基金會:http://www.ktli.org.tw/html/menu3.htm
柯泰德:http://www.chineseowl.idv.tw/html/lla.html
牛津學社:http://www.oxeditor.com
editage:http://www.editage.tw

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